His engravings, produced as Japan was opening up to the West, capture the final moments of a society closed off from the outside world.
Yoshu Chikanobu – “Comparison of Famous Sites and Beautiful Women: Suzumegaura, Musashi Province, undated” (c. 1897-1898)
When the 122nd Emperor of Japan ascended to the throne, Yoshu Chikanobu was 30 years of age. His career as an artist was therefore put on hold by the Boshin War and he was captured after the Battle of Hakodate. Despite having been trained in martial arts in his youth, it was his artistic talents that led to him being quickly released, as his reputation accelerated the proceedings. In 2006, author Bruce Coats looked back at Yoshu Chikanobu’s fascinating body of work and its context in the book Chikanobu: Modernity and Nostalgia in Japanese Prints.
Yoshu Chikanobu’s artistic exploits began with him receiving training in painting at the Kano School. He then went on to study engraving alongside Keisai Eisen and Utagawa Kuniyoshi, before joining Utagawa Kunisada I’s studio. As Bruce Coats explains, the artist, born in 1838, started out working in the Kunisada style, before straying from it. ‘Over time Chikanobu’s women become taller, thinner and more graceful in their gestures, establishing a new canon of beauty for the mid-Meiji period that reflected a revival of interest in prints of a hundred years earlier.‘
Culture and combat
Yoshu Chikanobu’s work is marked by its relationship with time, and his sense of nostalgia for a bygone era, one during which he saw the country open up to the West. His woodblock prints, which also take the form of diptychs and triptychs, are dedicated to traditional subjects and portraits, and address aspects of Japanese culture that were dying out at the time. They present samurai and a number of heroic female figures, looking back to the past. This sense of nostalgia is particularly illustrated in the series Chiyoda Inner Palace (1895-1897), which depicts women’s existence inside Edo Castle prior to the Meiji restoration in 1868, when the palace housed the shogun and his court before they were driven out. In Chiyoda Outer Palace: Sanno Festival (1897), the artist focuses on the float procession, banners, musicians, and groups dressed in special costumes heading to the Hie-jinja shrine at Edo Castle.
Some of Yoshu Chikanobu’s work is centred on historical themes, such as the Satsuma Rebellion (1877) and the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895). Bruce A. Coats’ book is the first monograph about the artist to be written in English and illustrates a key period in Japanese history that triggered the westernisation of the country and the consequences of this on the lifestyles of the residents.
Chikanobu: Modernity and Nostalgia in Japanese Prints (2006), a book by Bruce A. Coats, is published by Hotei Publishing.
Yoshu Chikanobu – ‘Chiyoda Inner Palace: Evacuation’ (1895-1897)
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