Bauhaus at 100

Screen Shot 2019-04-20 at 8.18.34 AM.pngThe school changed everything from furniture to graphic design. But the Bauhaus’s biggest legacy is in architecture. Here’s where that legacy stands in
Argentina, Nigeria, Israel, Australia, Iraq, the United States and India.

MAR DEL PLATA, ARGENTINA

The Ariston Club

Designed by Marcel Breuer and others, including Carlos Coire in 1947.

Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution

 

While in the country teaching a seminar at the University of Buenos Aires, Marcel Breuer was asked to help design a social club for a beach resort on Argentina’s Atlantic coast.

Now derelict, the Ariston Club in Mar del Plata, some 250 miles south of Buenos Aires, was once a thriving dance hall. A place for lunch overlooking the sea and fun at night, it once had a revolving dance floor and partiers would throw down talcum powder to get a better grip when barefoot, said Sol Marinucci of Trimarchi, a group that organizes a design festival there.

Hugo Kliczkowski-Juritz, an Argentine architect who lives in Madrid, first saw the building as a child. Its architectural importance only became clear to him in later life, long after the building had been divided and converted into restaurants, then left unoccupied.

“The university invited Breuer to do a seminar, and Carlos Coire — another architect — said to him, ‘Why don’t you do a little building with me to be a magnet to bring people to this area?’,” Mr. Kliczkowski-Juritz said. “They were having lunch, and [Breuer] unfolded his napkin and drew the clover design on it immediately.”

Mr. Kliczkowski-Juritz is now leading an online campaign for the building to be declared a heritage monument and restored. “People write to me and say, ‘Why are you doing this? For money?’ And I say, ‘No, it’s because I think a building like this needs to be rebuilt.’ You shouldn’t destroy history. It’s part of our identity.”

 

Marcel Breuer Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries.
Marcel Breuer Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries.

Hernan Zenteno for The New York Times

 

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‘AVALANCHES & MONKEY BUSINESS-San Juan Highway Forecasting’-Susan Hale-The Avalanche Review

The Rōbert [Cholo] Report (pron: Rō'bear Re'por)

Tim Lane, CDOT/CAIC Intern @ 62 in 2004.

There was tension in the voices heard over the crackle of the radio – between forecasters and the highway’s regional CDOT teams. Then, Jerry’s succinct words: “We’re in full conditions here,” the first hint that we might be witnessing a once-in-a-lifetime storm. But of course, at the time, none of us really knew. It was 11:00 pm, January 8, 2005, and it would be an understatement to say it was a stormy night. Forecaster Mark Rikkers was in one truck racing south towards Molas Pass, while lead forecaster Jerry Roberts and his visiting side-kick Tim Lane were headed the opposite direction up Red Mountain, checking on the rapidly deteriorating road conditions and increasing avalanche hazard threatening Highway 550, from the Uncompaghre Gorge above Ouray all the way to Coal Bank Pass – the north/south life-line of southwestern Colorado.

That night, after an…

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SKI TRIBES OF THE SAN JUANS

The Rōbert [Cholo] Report (pron: Rō'bear Re'por)

DSCN0291Profesor Tim Lane, Poet in Residence-Bar National – Santiago Chile, Avalanche forecaster/consultant for the Chilean mining industry, CDOT/CAIC intern forecaster (at 62) & legendary San Juan ski pioneer….

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Ski cultures are territorial, especially the old ones. The locals band up like gorillas claiming large swaths of alpine territory. The troops get protective when others invade. Guarding the stash can become a way of life. The local chiefs are elusive and operate in the shadows. These full-timers are the real silverbacks. The local tribe knows more than god about the terrain and roams in the less obvious. Their timing always seems perfect as you gaze upon their tracks from a distant ridge and wonder. They lurk in the areas that we all want. They arrive there while we are drinking coffee. They have spent a lifetime looking for these places and have discovered them. The lines are not documented but…

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a little snow measurement history on Red Mountain Pass

Looks like 3rd snowiest March and 3rd snowiest month on record. Snow/weather recording began the winter of 1971-72.  The record for  total snow on RMP was in 1974-75 with 505.5″ followed by 429.75″/2010-11 and 424″ in 2004-05. Through the end of March this year RMP snow total is 334″

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March 2019 ~ RMP 110.5”/9.8”  SWE

 

Comparing 44  yrs of history (1983/84-86/87 data unfortunately missing) of RMP study plot (SWE/Snow Water equivalent) the month of March 74-75 recorded 116″, 82-83 the year the big juicy storms didn’t begin until March then continued through May, totaled 114″.  Tim Lane and Jerry Roberts were working the San Juan Project in Silverton measuring snow and sweeping storm boards through the end of May of 83 (April/May  definitely recorded over 100″ at least in my mind) when the Glenn Canyon Dam was breached with flood waters of the Colorado River…

Read some of the history below.  *

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*In May 1983, three years after Lake Powell had first filled, an unusually long-lasting winter over the 108,335-square-mile (280,590 km2) Colorado River basin, with increased snowfall as a result of the 1982-83 El Niño event, above Glen Canyon Dam ended with a sudden influx of warm weather. Rain and snowmelt joined together to produce a combined inflow of over 111,500 cubic feet (3,160 m3) per second,[11] however, the Bureau of Reclamation predicts that the probable maximum flood at Glen Canyon is 697,000 cubic feet (19,700 m3) per second, almost 7 times that total, [6] and the average annual peak flow prior to 1963 was 93,400 cubic feet (2,640 m3) per second.[12] Glen Canyon Dam has two tunnel spillways, capable of bypassing 276,000 cu ft/s (7,815 m3/s).[13] Making use of part of the old diversion tunnels that were used when the dam was built, the spillways were thus more economical to construct, but have less capacity and must have at least 30 percent clearance between the water level and the tunnel ceiling.[14] The dam also has a set of river outlet works designed to release 15,000 cubic feet (420 m3) per second.[6] Finally, there are the releases from the power plant of the dam, which is capable of releasing 31,500 cubic feet (890 m3) per second.[15]

The releases from Glen Canyon Dam in May 1983

 

At the onset of the flood in 1983, several false weather predictions made the Bureau of Reclamation late in opening the spillways. At first, as inflows exceeded normal levels, the penstocks were opened to full release, and as inflow continued to rise, the river outlet works were also opened, discharging more water into the river below. The reservoir, however, continued to rise, and Reclamation finally decided to raise the floodgates. Other than test runs, this was the first time that the spillways had ever been put into operation for practical reasons, this time running at 20,000 cubic feet (570 m3) per second per tunnel. In several days, noticeable vibrations began to make themselves felt in the dam wall and surrounding rock. A close examination of water exiting the spillways revealed noticeable debris, including sandstone, which signaled severe erosion taking place. Reclamation responded by reducing releases by half, however, the rumblings continued, and it was not long before the spillways were shut down completely for examination.[14] The rumblings were so notable that a worker in the employee dining room, located near the power plant, was reported to say that it “sounded like the barrages that he had experienced in Vietnam”.[16]

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One of the early chapters of the Emerald Mile provides a nice weather synopsis for the winter of  1982-83 that created the above average snow/water situation in the Colorado & Green River basins that caused the epic flooding and near destruction of the Glenn Canyon Dam that Ed Abbey so badly wanted to see. At least it made him hopeful.

rŌbert

 

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From one of Outside magazine’s “Literary All-Stars” comes the thrilling true tale of the fastest boat ride ever, down the entire length of the Colorado River and through the Grand Canyon, during the legendary flood of 1983.

In the spring of 1983, massive flooding along the length of the Colorado River confronted a team of engineers at the Glen Canyon Dam with an unprecedented emergency that may have resulted in the most catastrophic dam failure in history. In the midst of this crisis, the decision to launch a small wooden dory named “The Emerald Mile” at the head of the Grand Canyon, just fifteen miles downstream from the Glen Canyon Dam, seemed not just odd, but downright suicidal.

The Emerald Mile, at one time slated to be destroyed, was rescued and brought back to life by Kenton Grua, the man at the oars, who intended to use this flood as a kind of hydraulic sling-shot. The goal was to nail the all-time record for the fastest boat ever propelled—by oar, by motor, or by the grace of God himself—down the entire length of the Colorado River from Lee’s Ferry to Lake Mead.

In ‘Horizon,’ Considering All That Is Connected ~ Barry Lopez new work … NPR

The Rōbert [Cholo] Report (pron: Rō'bear Re'por)

Writer Barry Lopez Reflects On A Life Traveling Beyond The ‘Horizon’

Author Barry Lopez has made a career out of writing about his travels to far-flung parts of the globe. His new book Horizon focuses on six places that have shaped his understanding of the world.

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Review by GENEVIEVE VALENTINE

A Barry Lopez book is never a quick read: “Each place on Earth goes deep.”

Of course, deftly sketched landscapes are one of his chief delights — and Horizon, suspended halfway between travelogue and memoir, offers plenty of them. But Lopez — who often chronicles himself wandering from one landscape to another, or away from the group he’s journeying with, or away from the initial reason for coming to a place — wants us, above all else, to consider. To find context and…

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The United States just had its wettest winter on record

The Rōbert [Cholo] Report (pron: Rō'bear Re'por)

Precipitation differences from normal over the winter months of December, January and February. (NOAA)

March 6 at 4:39 PM

Boosted by February’s relentless low-elevation rains and blockbuster mountain snows, the United States notched its wettest winter on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

The average precipitation, including rain and melted snow, was 9.01 inches during meteorological winter, which spans December, January and February. That amount was 2.22 inches above normal and broke the record of 8.99 inches set during the winter of 1997-1998.

Both the winters of 1997-1998 and the present featured El Niño events, which tend to increase the flow of Pacific moisture into the Lower 48 states.

Of the three winter months this year, the finale was particularly soggy, ranking second-wettest on record. Nineteen states posted one of their 10 wettest Februaries. Tennessee registered its wettest February, while the month ranked…

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Federal judge casts doubt on Trump’s drilling plans across the U.S. because they ignore climate change … The Washington Post

The ruling temporarily halts drilling on 300,000 acres of leases in Wyoming.

How Trump is hindering the fight to stop climate change

 

Screen Shot 2019-03-20 at 9.16.49 AM.pngScientists say global warming nears an irreversible level, President Trump has been promoting business growth instead of climate change.

A federal judge ruled late Tuesday that the Interior Department violated federal law by failing to take into account the climate impact of its oil and gas leasing in the West.

The decision by U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia Judge Rudolph Contreras marks the first time the Trump administration has been held to account for the climate impact of its energy-dominance agenda, and it could have sweeping implications for the president’s plan to boost fossil fuel production across the country. Contreras concluded that Interior’s Bureau of Land Management “did not sufficiently consider climate change” when making decisions to auction off federal land in Wyoming to oil and gas drilling. The judge temporarily blocked drilling on roughly 300,000 acres of land in the state.

The initial ruling in the case brought by two advocacy groups, WildEarth Guardians and Physicians for Social Responsibility, has implications for oil and gas drilling on federal land throughout the West. In the decision, Contreras—a Barack Obama appointee–faulted the agency’s environmental assessments as inadequate because it did not detail how individual drilling projects contributed to the nation’s overall carbon output. Since greenhouse gas emissions are driving climate change, the judge wrote, these analyses did not provide policymakers and the public with a sufficient understanding of drilling’s impact, as required under the National Environmental Policy Act.

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